Corns and Calluses Overview
A callus (tyloma) is an area of skin that thickens after exposure to repetitive forces in order to protect the skin. A callus may not be painful. When it becomes painful, treatment is required. However, people who suffer from diabetes, poor blood circulation, or loss of sensation (neuropathy) should seek professional treatment even if there is no associated pain.
When a callus develops a mass of dead cells in its center (keratinocytes), it becomes a corn (heloma). Corns generally occur on the toes and balls of the feet. Calluses occur on the feet, hands, and any other part of the skin where friction is present.
Corns and Calluses Causes
Factors outside the body that can cause calluses and corns from friction and stress
* Ill-fitting shoes or socks
* Not wearing shoes
Activities that increase stress applied to the skin of the hands and feet, such as athletic events
Factors within the body that may lead to the formation of corns and calluses
Bony prominences or structural deformities, such as hammertoes and bunions
Faulty foot function such as overpronation or oversupination, over weight.
Corns and Calluses Symptoms and Signs
Thickening of skin without distinct borders
Most commonly on feet and hands over bony prominences
Vary in color from white to gray-yellow, brown, or red
May be painless or tender
May throb or burn
May form cracks (fissures)
Texture varies from dry, waxy, transparent to a horny mass
Most common on feet
May be hard or soft
Many different types
When to Seek Medical Care
If home remedies fail to eliminate the corns and calluses and they continue to be painful or bothersome, consult your doctor or foot care specialist. Anyone with diabetes, loss of sensation or poor circulation should seek medical attention earlier because of a higher risk for infection.
Normally, corns and calluses do not require emergency attention. These conditions, however, would need your Foot Care doctor.
Corns and Calluses Treatment
* Place protective covering or pads over the sore to decrease friction and/or pressure on the skin until the sore heals.
* Apply moisturizing agents such as lotions to dry calluses and corns. Agents with 10%/20% urea can soften the sores and make them easier to remove.
* Rub sandpaper disks or pumice stone over hard thickened regions.
* Avoid stress to hands or feet by using gloves or changing shoes or socks.
* Soak feet or hands in warm soapy water to soften corns and calluses.
Avoid going barefoot and wearing flip flop sandals.
* Avoid Using Corn remover Pad or cutting by blades.